The French word “resume” comes from the French word “to summarize.” A resume summarizes your education and experiences for potential employers in a way that makes you a strong candidate for the job.
Prospective employers might receive hundreds of resumes for a given job, which can be a time-consuming task. You can make your resume stand out from the rest by tailoring it to the job description and your audience. Honesty is essential. Make sure your resume can be read in an interview.
Everybody is curious about how long a CV should take. A current undergraduate student, or someone who just completed an undergraduate degree, will usually only need one page. As you get more experience, your CV will become longer. It is a good idea to consult a career adviser, educator, or professional in the field you are interested in extending your resume.
While you should always consult with your teachers and career counselors regarding your profession, here are some guidelines to help you get started.
There are three types of resumes: skills-based, chronological, and mixed. Each category serves a specific purpose, as we’ve already mentioned.
The chronological resume lists both past and current experiences in reverse chronological order. The chronological resume lists the most recent experience first using present tense verbs. Next, all previous experiences are listed in reverse chronological order using past tense verbs. This format is the most common.
Talent-based resumes are organized around key job-related skills. If you’re looking for a teaching job and have both teaching and other work experience that could make you a good candidate, you might include sections on “Teaching Experience” or “Other Work Experience.” This strategy highlights relevant experiences by including section names along with job descriptions. It is a great way to extract keywords.
You can also combine related work experience and other experiences in the skills-based headers. You could mention extracurricular tutoring experiences in the “Teaching Experience” section of your skills-based resume as an example.
Skills-based resumes are not arranged chronologically. Instead, they place emphasis on the order of your experience descriptions based on their relevance to the job. A skills-based resume is best if your past employment experience doesn’t directly relate to the job that you are applying for. These areas are called talents and will help you show your employer how your past experience is relevant to the job.
Combination resumes are the most common type of resume that we see in the Writing Center. While combination resumes can include skill-based headers, they list each person’s experience in reverse chronological order. Combination resumes let you highlight your most relevant experience and include keywords. This is useful for online resumes that might be found via search engines.
Sections that should include:
It is important to separate your resume into clear sections so that potential employers can quickly glance through it and find out about your relevant experiences. These tables will help you understand the different components of your resume. These are just a few of the possible sections. Other sections that are relevant to your industry or reflect your talents may be available. Ask for guidance from professionals, instructors, and advisers on the best sections to include.
This section should be located at the top of your webpage and should contain your name, email address, phone number, address, as well as your phone number.
Begin with college. Specify the institution where you are enrolled, your major, degree type and expected graduation year.
If your GPA will impress your employer, a 3.4 on the four-point scale would be a great starting point.
This section is the most important on your resume. This section should include your job title, employer and the duration of employment. Bullet points should include active verbs and keywords that convey your work experience. Each job should have two to three bullets. Use present tense verbs for current jobs and past tenseverbs.
Awards and Honors
The section on honors or awards highlights the fact that you have been recognized as a leader in a related field to your job. This section should appear near the top of your resume. It should include the name and year of the award.
Additional Work Experience
This section allows you to discuss community service and extracurricular activities that might be relevant to your employment. Similar to the “Work Experience” section, you should mention your title (for others, it may be just “Member”) and the name of the organization. Also, specify the date, time, and location of the activity. Based on the interests of your potential employer, you can choose which activities you want to include. This section can be used by anyone who has held leadership positions in an organization.
Your aim is the statement at the top or side of your resume that explains your motivation to submit the resume. It should be placed directly after your contact information. Many objectives are similar to job descriptions or job titles that you may have used elsewhere on your application. However, not everyone agrees whether it is necessary. Before including this section on your resume, we recommend consulting with someone from your field.
Languages This section lists the languages that you are proficient in, along with your proficiency level (beginner, intermediate, advanced, fluent). A resume that includes a rare language, such as Swahili or Finnish, can make you stand out among the rest. Your employer might consider your Spanish proficiency extremely valuable, especially if you are required to interact with Spanish-speaking people.
Technical skills are any specialized computer skills that you might have that are applicable to the job. You can either list them in bullet points or commas if you have to keep the space down. If you are certain that the job will require specific software or hardware, you can include this area.
This section is usually located near the top of your resume under the “Education” section. It includes any field-specific credentials that you may have as well as the year they were obtained. A certification section is required if you want to apply for a job in Project Management and you hold a PMP (Project Management Professional). This shows that you have studied this field beyond your schooling.
Your potential employer should see that you can offer a variety of talents within the small space you have. If you have held similar positions in the past, highlight your other skills under each job heading. If you have two jobs in food service and want to find a customer service job, don’t describe your job as “food service”.
Use active verbs
Use active verbs in a Telegraphic (verb first), style to express your obligations in a particular work. While you shouldn’t exaggerate your role or make it too important, you should describe the work in a way which shows that you have taken responsibility and been a leader in your past. Use active language whenever you can to show that you are taking action.
Use keywords in the job description.
Employers will be attracted to your resume if you include keywords from the job description. Search engines are used by many businesses to find candidates whose resumes contain specific keywords. Your resume will be read by potential employers even if it is sent directly.
Personalizing your CV for a particular job requires that you identify the keywords in the job description. These are the specific skills or tasks needed to do the job. It is a good idea to speak with an expert in your field about specific keywords. If possible, include these keywords in your CV.
If necessary, quantify.
Although it is a common practice to include quantitative information or measures on resumes, you should decide if quantifying will help you stand out and make you more qualified for the job. If you were in leadership or management roles, how many people did you manage to supervise? If you managed investments, how much did you manage?
A resume’s formatting is part of what makes it easier to scan for potential employers. Instead of trying to make your resume stand out, focus on making it easy to read. These are some guidelines for laying out a resume.
Use active verbs and keywords to include 2-3 bullet points of relevant experience following each job title. Your audience will notice your experience more clearly if you communicate it concisely. Your audience will be able to quickly skim through the bullets and see your past work by limiting yourself to just two to three bullet points per job (or a maximum of two lines).
Choose a font that is easy to read, such as Times New Roman or Arial, instead of one with many flourishes. Your resume should stand out because of its content and not because it was written in an unusual font. Your font size should not exceed 11 points and 12 points respectively. Font size should not exceed 11 and no more than 12.
Make sure you use your space well. Do not forget to include any relevant experience that is applicable to the job you are applying for. Reduce the font size between sections and thin out some sections of your resume. Don’t try to squeeze too much on a page with narrower margins. You might consider adding a section about non-work experience, or any skills that may be relevant to the job.
One inch is the standard margin. You should leave enough white space on the page and not fill it up. This will make your paper unreadable or difficult to read.